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New atmospheric parameters and spectral interpolator for the MILES cool stars

Abstract : Context. The full spectrum fitting of stellar spectra against a library of empirical spectra is a well-established approach to measure the atmospheric parameters of FGK stars with a high internal consistency. Extending it towards cooler stars still remains a challenge.
Aims: We address this question by improving the interpolator of the Medium-resolution INT Library of Empirical Spectra (MILES) library in the low effective temperature regime (Teff < 4800 K), and we refine the determination of the parameters of the cool MILES stars.
Methods: We use the ULySS package to determine the atmospheric parameters (Teff, log g and [Fe/H]), and measure the biases of the results with respect to our updated compilation of parameters calibrated against theoretical spectra. After correcting some systematic effects, we compute a new interpolator that we finally use to redetermine the atmospheric parameters homogeneously and assess the biases.
Results: Based on an updated literature compilation, we determine Teff in a more accurate and unbiased manner compared to those determined with the original interpolator. The validity range is extended downwards to about Teff= 2900 K compared to 3500 K previously. The mean residual biases on Teff, log g, and [Fe/H], with respect to the literature compilation for the coolest stars (Teff ≤ 3800 K) computed using the new interpolator, are -15 K, -0.02 dex, and 0.02 dex respectively. The corresponding estimations of the external precision are 63 K, 0.23 dex, and 0.15 dex respectively. For the stars with Teff in the range 3800-4200 K, the determinations of Teff and [Fe/H] have been slightly improved. At higher temperatures, the new interpolator is comparable to the original one. The new version of the interpolator is publicly available.

The model as a FITS file is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via

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Submitted on : Friday, July 1, 2022 - 10:16:07 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 3:37:49 PM


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Kaushal Sharma, Philippe Prugniel, Harinder P. Singh. New atmospheric parameters and spectral interpolator for the MILES cool stars. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2016, 585, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201526111⟩. ⟨insu-03710595⟩



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