High-temperature fluids in granites during the Neoarchaean-Palaeoproterozoic transition: Insight from Closepet titanite chemistry and U-Pb dating (Dharwar craton, India) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Lithos Year : 2021

High-temperature fluids in granites during the Neoarchaean-Palaeoproterozoic transition: Insight from Closepet titanite chemistry and U-Pb dating (Dharwar craton, India)

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Ewa Słaby
  • Function : Author
Robert Anczkiewicz
  • Function : Author
Katarzyna Gros
  • Function : Author
Klaus Simon
  • Function : Author
Gabriela A. Kozub-Budzyń
  • Function : Author
Łukasz Birski
  • Function : Author
Mudlappa Jayananda
  • Function : Author
Jean-François Moyen
  • Function : Author
Milena Matyszczak
  • Function : Author
Marta Koziarska
  • Function : Author
Ewa Deput
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to determine the composition and age of high-temperature (HT) hydrothermal fluids in Closepet granites (Dharwar craton, India). The magmatic origin of the Neoarchaean Closepet batholith has been recognized and dated many times, whereas a HT fluid system, strong evidence for which has been partly investigated, has never been dated. Titanite was chosen for a geochemical study on its pristine and altered domains to illustrate the fluid composition; the domains were dated to recognize the timing of fluid activity.

Titanite presents distinct trace element enrichments in non-altered domains and strong depletions in trace elements in marginal, irregular, patchy zones. The high total rare earth element (REE) concentrations and the marked negative Eu anomalies suggest crystallization from a residual melt. The negative Eu anomalies diminish progressively in the REE patterns of altered parts and become positive. Trace element ratios (Nb/Ta, Y/Ho, and U/Th) indicate fluid-crystal interactions. Strong U/Th fractionation might be linked to the presence of CO2 and Cl-. Zr-in-titanite thermometry yields a crystallization/recrystallization temperature of ~700 °C for both magmatic and altered domains. The titanite factor Ti+4/(Al+3 + Fe+3) reveals an affinity with significant mantle input to the fluid system.

Pristine and altered titanite domains have been successfully dated by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Reversely discordant apparent ages suggest interaction with fluids, which modified the Pb composition of the magmatic titanite. The oldest semi-concordant analyses of titanite cores indicate an age of approximately 2500 Ma, which we interpret as the minimum age of magmatic titanite crystallization. Narrow dark rims of titanite with considerably lower Th/U ratios form a more coherent group of analyses defining an upper concordia intercept age of 2345 ± 0.016 Ma, interpreted as the best estimate for the time of complete titanite resetting associated with the metasomatic event. The HT fluid system appears to have remained active into the Palaeoproterozoic.

Confirmation by dating that the tested fluids belonged to the Archaean hydrothermal system gives us information about this system at the time, but the information that it worked at least until the Palaeoproterozoic provides additional valuable information about the hydrothermal systems during the Neoarchaean-Palaeoproterozoic transition.

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Dates and versions

insu-03708925 , version 1 (29-06-2022)

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Ewa Słaby, Robert Anczkiewicz, Katarzyna Gros, Klaus Simon, Gabriela A. Kozub-Budzyń, et al.. High-temperature fluids in granites during the Neoarchaean-Palaeoproterozoic transition: Insight from Closepet titanite chemistry and U-Pb dating (Dharwar craton, India). Lithos, 2021, 386, ⟨10.1016/j.lithos.2021.106039⟩. ⟨insu-03708925⟩
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