https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03707924Deschamps, FrédéricFrédéricDeschampsRogister, YvesYvesRogisterEOST - Ecole et Observatoire des Sciences de la Terre - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueTackley, Paul J.Paul J.TackleyConstraints on core-mantle boundary topography from models of thermal and thermochemical convectionHAL CCSD2018Composition and structure of the mantleMantle processesStructure of the EarthDynamics: convection currentsand mantle plumes[SDU] Sciences of the Universe [physics][SDU.STU] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth SciencesPOTHIER, Nathalie2022-06-29 10:55:552023-03-13 11:17:162022-06-29 10:55:56enJournal articleshttps://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03707924/document10.1093/gji/ggx402application/pdf1Mantle flow induces dynamic topography at the core-mantle boundary (CMB), with distribution and amplitude that depend on details of the flow. To assess whether observations of CMB topography can give constraints on deep mantle structure, we determine CMB dynamic topography associated with different models of mantle convection, including thermochemical and purely thermal models. We investigate the influence of key controlling parameters, specifically the thermal viscosity ratio (Δη<SUB>T</SUB>) and, for thermochemical models, the density contrast (Δρ<SUB>C</SUB>) and viscosity ratio (Δη<SUB>C</SUB>) between primordial and regular materials. In purely thermal models, plume clusters induce positive topography with an amplitude that decreases with increasing Δη<SUB>T</SUB>. In thermochemical models with moderate density contrasts, around 100-200 kg m<SUP>-3</SUP>, reservoirs of dense material induce depressions in CMB topography, surrounded by a ridge of positive topography. The average depression depth and ridge height increase with increasing Δρ<SUB>C</SUB> and Δη<SUB>C</SUB>, but decrease with increasing Δη<SUB>T</SUB>. We find that for purely thermal models or thermochemical models with Δρ<SUB>C</SUB> ∼ 90 kg m<SUP>-3</SUP> and less, the long-wavelength (spherical harmonic degrees up to l = 4) dynamic topography and shear wave velocity anomalies predicted by thermochemical distributions anticorrelate. By contrast, for models with Δρ<SUB>C</SUB> ≥ 100 kg m<SUP>-3</SUP> and Δη<SUB>C</SUB> > 1, long-wavelength dynamic topography and shear wave velocity anomalies correlate well. This potentially provides a test to infer the nature, that is, either purely or mostly thermal (Δρ<SUB>C</SUB> ≤ 100 kg m<SUP>-3</SUP> m<SUP>-3</SUP>) or strongly thermochemical (Δρ<SUB>C</SUB> ≥ 100 kg m<SUP>-3</SUP>), of the low shear wave velocity provinces observed by global tomographic images. The presence of post-perovskite, provided that its viscosity is similar to that of bridgmanite, does not alter these conclusions.