Geological and technological characterization of the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous clay deposits (Jebel Ammar, northeastern Tunisia) for ceramic industry - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of African Earth Sciences Year : 2017

Geological and technological characterization of the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous clay deposits (Jebel Ammar, northeastern Tunisia) for ceramic industry

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1
Moufida Ben M'Barek-Jemaï
  • Function : Author
Ali Sdiri
  • Function : Author
Imed Ben Salah
  • Function : Author
Lassaad Ben Aissa
  • Function : Author
Samir Bouaziz
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Late Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous clays of the Jebel Ammar study site were used as raw materials for potential applications in ceramic industry. Physico-chemical characterization of the collected samples was performed using atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry and dilatometry (Bugot's curve). Geotechnical study was also undertaken by the assessment of plasticity and liquidity limits. It was found that high concentrations of silica, alumina with SiO2/Al2O3 ratio characterized the studied clays; its high amounts of CaO and Fe2O3 in the Late Jurassic clays indicated their calcareous nature. In addition, technological tests indicated moderate to low plasticity values for the Late Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous clays, respectively. Clay fraction (<2 μm) reached 50% of the natural clay in some cases.

Mineralogical analysis showed that Jurassic clays were dominated by smectite, illite and kaolinite, as clay mineral species; calcite was the main associated mineral. Lower Cretaceous clays were mainly composed of abundant illite accompanied by well-crystallized smectite and kaolinite. Kaolinite gradually increased upwards, reaching 70% of the total clay fraction (i.e. <2 μm). Quartz, calcite and feldspar were the main non-clay minerals. Based on these analyses, the clays meet technological requirements that would allow their use in the ceramic industry and for the manufacturing of ceramic tiles.

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insu-03707908 , version 1 (28-06-2022)

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Moufida Ben M'Barek-Jemaï, Ali Sdiri, Imed Ben Salah, Lassaad Ben Aissa, Samir Bouaziz, et al.. Geological and technological characterization of the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous clay deposits (Jebel Ammar, northeastern Tunisia) for ceramic industry. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 2017, 129, pp.282-290. ⟨10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2017.01.019⟩. ⟨insu-03707908⟩
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