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The Physical Properties of the SVS 13 Protobinary System: Two Circumstellar Disks and a Spiraling Circumbinary Disk in the Making

Abstract : We present Very Large Array (VLA) and Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of the close (0.″3 = 90 au separation) protobinary system SVS 13. We detect two small circumstellar disks (radii ~12 and ~9 au in dust, and ~30 au in gas) with masses of ~0.004-0.009 M for VLA 4A (the western component) and ~0.009-0.030 M for VLA 4B (the eastern component). A circumbinary disk with prominent spiral arms extending ~500 au and a mass of ~0.052 M appears to be in the earliest stages of formation. The dust emission is more compact and with a very high optical depth toward VLA 4B, while toward VLA 4A the dust column density is lower, allowing the detection of stronger molecular transitions. We infer rotational temperatures of ~140 K, on scales of ~30 au, across the whole source, and a rich chemistry. Molecular transitions typical of hot corinos are detected toward both protostars, being stronger toward VLA 4A, with several ethylene glycol transitions detected only toward this source. There are clear velocity gradients, which we interpret in terms of infall plus rotation of the circumbinary disk, and pure rotation of the circumstellar disk of VLA 4A. We measured orbital proper motions and determined a total stellar mass of 1 M . From the molecular kinematics, we infer the geometry and orientation of the system, and stellar masses of ~0.26 M for VLA 4A and ~0.60 M for VLA 4B.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 27, 2022 - 12:08:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 2, 2022 - 3:10:43 AM

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Ana K. Diaz-Rodriguez, Guillem Anglada, Guillermo Blázquez-Calero, Mayra Osorio, José F. Gómez, et al.. The Physical Properties of the SVS 13 Protobinary System: Two Circumstellar Disks and a Spiraling Circumbinary Disk in the Making. The Astrophysical Journal, 2022, 930, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ac3b50⟩. ⟨insu-03705350⟩

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