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Analysis of circular gratings as image plane coronagraph filters

Abstract : Coronagraphy is an efficient technique for identifying and characterizing extra-solar planets orbiting in the habitable zone of their parent star. An important family of coronagraphs is based on amplitude or phase filters placed at an intermediate image plane of the optical system, spreading starlight outside of the so-called "Lyot stop" located at the exit pupil plane of the instrument. This article explores the potential of circular amplitude and phase gratings employed as image plane coronagraph filters. It presents a theoretical analysis of the simplest case of an amplitude circular grating and introduces an inversion paradigm with respect to classical Lyot coronagraph, by exchanging its image and pupil masks. Various types of circular gratings are considered and their performance is evaluated with the help of numerical simulations. The most promising solutions are presented and discussed. The main conclusion is that high attenuation ratios of the parent star are feasible, provided that the system is properly optimized with a Lyot stop especially tailored to the grating filter.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 27, 2022 - 9:02:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 29, 2022 - 3:09:34 AM

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François Hénault. Analysis of circular gratings as image plane coronagraph filters. Optics Communications, 2022, 519, ⟨10.1016/j.optcom.2022.128431⟩. ⟨insu-03705336⟩

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