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14 years of lidar measurements of Polar Stratospheric Clouds at the French Antarctic Station Dumont d'Urville

Florent Tence 1 Julien Jumelet 1 Marie Bouillon 2 David Cugnet 3 Slimane Bekki 1 Sarah Safieddine 2 Philippe Keckhut 1 Alain Sarkissian 1 
1 STRATO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
2 TROPO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSC) play a critical role in the stratospheric ozone depletion processes. The last 30 years have seen significant improvements in our understanding of the PSC processes but PSC parametrization in global models still remains a challenge, due to the necessary trade-off between the complexity of PSC microphysics and tight model parametrization. The French Antarctic station Dumont d'Urville (DDU, 66.6 • S-140.0 • E) has one of the few high latitude ground-based lidars in the Southern Hemisphere that has been monitoring PSC for decades. This study focuses on the PSC data record during the 2007-2020 period. First, the DDU lidar record is analyzed through three established classification schemes that prove to be mutually consistent: the PSC population observed above DDU is estimated to be of 35% supercooled ternary solutions, more than 55% nitric acid trihydrate mixtures and less than 10% of water-ice dominated PSC. Detailed 2015 lidar measurements are presented to highlight interesting features of PSC fields above DDU. Then, combining a temperature proxy to lidar measurements, we build a trend of PSC days per year at DDU from ERA5 and NCEP reanalyses fitted on lidar measurements operated at the station. This significant 14-year trend of-5.7 PSC days per decade is consistent with recent temperature satellite measurements at high latitudes. Specific DDU lidar measurements are presented to highlight fine PSC features that are often sub-scale to global models and spaceborne measurements.
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Submitted on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 11:22:14 AM
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Florent Tence, Julien Jumelet, Marie Bouillon, David Cugnet, Slimane Bekki, et al.. 14 years of lidar measurements of Polar Stratospheric Clouds at the French Antarctic Station Dumont d'Urville. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, European Geosciences Union, 2022, pp.(Discussions). ⟨10.5194/acp-2022-401⟩. ⟨insu-03704863⟩

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