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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2022

The Cen A galaxy group: Dynamical mass and missing baryons

Federico Lelli
  • Function : Author
Marcel Pawlowski
  • Function : Author
Katja Fahrion
  • Function : Author
Marina Rejkuba
  • Function : Author
Michael Hilker
  • Function : Author
Helmut Jerjen
  • Function : Author


The nearby elliptical galaxy Centaurus A (Cen A) is surrounded by a flattened system of dwarf satellite galaxies with coherent motions. Using a novel Bayesian approach, we measured the mean rotation velocity v rot and velocity dispersion σ int of the satellite system. We found v rot / σ int ≃ 0.7, indicating that the satellite system has non-negligible rotational support. Using Jeans’ equations, we measured a circular velocity of 258 km s −1 and a dynamical mass of 1.2 × 10 13 M ⊙ within 800 kpc. In a Λ cold dark matter cosmological context, we found that the Cen A group has a baryon fraction M b / M 200 ≃ 0.035 and is missing ∼77% of the cosmologically available baryons. Consequently, Cen A should have a hot intergalactic medium with a mass of ∼8 × 10 11 M ⊙ , which is more than ∼20 times larger than current X-ray estimates. Intriguingly, the whole Cen A group lies on the baryonic Tully-Fisher relation defined by individual rotationally supported galaxies, as expected in Milgromian dynamics (MOND) with no need of missing baryons.
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Dates and versions

insu-03699353 , version 1 (20-06-2022)



Oliver Müller, Federico Lelli, Benoit Famaey, Marcel Pawlowski, Katja Fahrion, et al.. The Cen A galaxy group: Dynamical mass and missing baryons. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2022, 662, pp.A57. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202142351⟩. ⟨insu-03699353⟩
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