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Combining space gravimetry observations with data from satellite altimetry and high resolution visible imagery to resolve mass changes of endorheic basins and exorheic basins

Abstract : Continuous monitoring of the Global Terrestrial Water Storage changes (TWS) is challenging because of the large surface of continents and the variety of storage compartments (WCRP, 2018). The only observing system which provides global TWS mass change estimates so far is space gravimetry. Unfortunately, most storage compartments (lakes, groundwater, glaciers…) are too small to be resolved given the current spatial resolution of gravimetry missions. This intrinsic property makes gravimetry-based TWS changes estimates difficult to attribute and to interpret at individual basin scale. In this context, combining gravimetry-based TWS estimates with other sources of information with higher spatial resolution is a promising strategy. In this study, we combine gravimetry data with independent observations from satellite altimetry and high resolution visible imagery to derive refined estimates of the TWS changes in hydrological basins containing lakes and glaciers (See Data used). The combination consists in including independent observations of glacier (Hugonnet et al., 2021) and lake (Cretaux et al., 2016) mass changes in the conversion process from gravity L2 data to water mass changes data. The combination is done for all regions of the world on a monthly basis. This approach allows to split properly glacier and TWS changes at interannual to decadal time scales, and derive glacier-free estimates of TWS in the endorheic basins and the exorheic basins. We find that for the period from 2002 to 2020, the total TWS trend of 0.23±0.25 mm SLE/yr is mainly due to a mass loss in endorheic basins TWS of 0.20±0.12 mm SLE/yr. Over the same period, exorheic basins present a non-significative trend of 0.03±0.14 mm SLE/yr. On the contrary, the interannual variability in the TWS change of 4 mm SLE is mainly due to the exorheic basins TWS change.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03694187
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Submitted on : Monday, June 13, 2022 - 2:29:44 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:10:49 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : insu-03694187, version 1

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Blazquez Alejandro, Etienne Berthier, Benoit Meyssignac, Laurent Longuevergne, Jean-François Crétaux. Combining space gravimetry observations with data from satellite altimetry and high resolution visible imagery to resolve mass changes of endorheic basins and exorheic basins. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022 (EGU22), European Geosciences Union, May 2022, Vienna, Austria. pp.EGU22-8525. ⟨insu-03694187⟩

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