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A New Standard for Assessing the Performance of High Contrast Imaging Systems

Abstract : As planning for the next generation of high contrast imaging instruments (e.g., WFIRST, HabEx, and LUVOIR, TMT-PFI, EELT-EPICS) matures and second-generation ground-based extreme adaptive optics facilities (e.g., VLT-SPHERE, Gemini-GPI) finish their principal surveys, it is imperative that the performance of different designs, post-processing algorithms, observing strategies, and survey results be compared in a consistent, statistically robust framework. In this paper, we argue that the current industry standard for such comparisons—the contrast curve—falls short of this mandate. We propose a new figure of merit, the “performance map,” that incorporates three fundamental concepts in signal detection theory: the true positive fraction, the false positive fraction, and the detection threshold. By supplying a theoretical basis and recipe for generating the performance map, we hope to encourage the widespread adoption of this new metric across subfields in exoplanet imaging.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 10, 2022 - 3:36:37 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:06:16 AM

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Rebecca Jensen-Clem, Dimitri Mawet, Carlos A. Gomez Gonzalez, Olivier Absil, Ruslan Belikov, et al.. A New Standard for Assessing the Performance of High Contrast Imaging Systems. The Astronomical Journal, 2018, 155, ⟨10.3847/1538-3881/aa97e4⟩. ⟨insu-03693586⟩

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