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Improving Remote Sensing of Aerosol Microphysical Properties by Near-Infrared Polarimetric Measurements Over Vegetated Land: Information Content Analysis

Abstract : While polarimetric measurements contain valuable information regarding aerosol microphysical properties, polarization data in the near-infrared (NIR) bands have not been widely utilized. This paper evaluates whether the aerosol property information contents from single-viewing satellite polarimetric measurements at 1,610 and 2,250 nm can be used to improve the retrieval of aerosol parameters over vegetated land, in combination with shorter-wavelength bands (490, 670, and 870 nm). The a priori information and errors for the analysis are derived by assuming that the surface reflectance at visible wavelengths can be derived from the top of atmosphere at 2,250 nm. The information content in the synthetic data set is investigated for 10 aerosol parameters characterizing the columnar aerosol volumes (V0f and V0c), particle size distributions (refff, vefff, reffc, and veffc), and refractive indices (mrf, mif, mrc, and mic) for the fine- and coarse-mode aerosol models, respectively, and one parameter C characterizing the surface polarization. The results indicate that the degrees of freedom for signal can be increased by at least 2 with the addition of NIR measurements and that one to three additional parameters could be further retrieved with significantly decreased uncertainties. In addition, the 1,610 nm band is necessary for the simultaneous retrieval of V0f, mrf, and refff for the fine mode dominated aerosols, while the 1,610 and 2,250 nm bands are both indispensable for retrieving V0f, V0c, mrc, refff, and reffc in tandem for the coarse mode dominated aerosols. The analysis also reveals that C could be further retrieved by including scalar radiance and that measurement errors have significantly larger influences on the retrieval uncertainties than model errors.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 3, 2022 - 8:16:29 AM
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Weizhen Hou, Zhengqiang Li, Jun Wang, Xiaoguang Xu, Philippe Goloub, et al.. Improving Remote Sensing of Aerosol Microphysical Properties by Near-Infrared Polarimetric Measurements Over Vegetated Land: Information Content Analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2018, 123, pp.2215-2243. ⟨10.1002/2017JD027388⟩. ⟨insu-03686262⟩

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