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Journal Articles OCEAN MODELLING Year : 2016

Emerging trends in the sea state of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas

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Jim Thomson
  • Function : Author
Yalin Fan
  • Function : Author
Sharon Stammerjohn
  • Function : Author
W. Erick Rogers
  • Function : Author
Hayley Shen
  • Function : Author
Will Perrie
  • Function : Author
Hui Shen
  • Function : Author
Steve Ackley
  • Function : Author
Alex Babanin
  • Function : Author
Qingxiang Liu
  • Function : Author
Peter Guest
  • Function : Author
Ted Maksym
  • Function : Author
Peter Wadhams
  • Function : Author
Chris Fairall
  • Function : Author
Ola Persson
  • Function : Author
Martin Doble
  • Function : Author
Hans Graber
  • Function : Author
Bjoern Lund
  • Function : Author
Vernon Squire
  • Function : Author
Johannes Gemmrich
  • Function : Author
Susanne Lehner
  • Function : Author
Benjamin Holt
  • Function : Author
Mike Meylan
  • Function : Author
John Brozena
  • Function : Author
Jean-Raymond Bidlot
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The sea state of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas is controlled by the wind forcing and the amount of ice-free water available to generate surface waves. Clear trends in the annual duration of the open water season and in the extent of the seasonal sea ice minimum suggest that the sea state should be increasing, independent of changes in the wind forcing. Wave model hindcasts from four selected years spanning recent conditions are consistent with this expectation. In particular, larger waves are more common in years with less summer sea ice and/or a longer open water season, and peak wave periods are generally longer. The increase in wave energy may affect both the coastal zones and the remaining summer ice pack, as well as delay the autumn ice-edge advance. However, trends in the amount of wave energy impinging on the ice-edge are inconclusive, and the associated processes, especially in the autumn period of new ice formation, have yet to be well-described by in situ observations. There is an implicit trend and evidence for increasing wave energy along the coast of northern Alaska, and this coastal signal is corroborated by satellite altimeter estimates of wave energy.
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Dates and versions

insu-03682696 , version 1 (31-05-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Jim Thomson, Yalin Fan, Sharon Stammerjohn, Justin Stopa, W. Erick Rogers, et al.. Emerging trends in the sea state of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas. OCEAN MODELLING, 2016, 105, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.02.009⟩. ⟨insu-03682696⟩
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