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Searching for Active Low-mass Stars in the CMa Star-forming Region: Multi-band Photometry with T80S

Abstract : An exotic environment surrounds the young stellar groups associated with the Canis Major (CMa) OB1/R1 region, which probably was formed under feedback from at least three supernova events having occurred a few million years ago. We use astrometric data from the Gaia-DR2 to confirm the membership of the stars in CMa R1, based on proper motion and parallax, which revealed 514 new members and candidates. The mean age of 5 Myr estimated from the color-magnitude diagram characterizes the sources as likely pre-main-sequence candidates. In total, a sample of 694 stars detected with the T80-South telescope was analyzed according to different color-color diagrams, which were compared with theoretical colors from evolutionary models, aiming to reveal the objects that exhibit color excess due to accretion processes. Accretion and magnetic activity were also explored on the basis of empirical flux-flux relation, such as F660 and F861 that are related to Hα and Ca II triplet emission, respectively. A low fraction (∼3 percent) of the sample have Hα excess and other colors expected for stars exhibiting chromospheric activity. The number of Class I and Class II objects, identified by the infrared (Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer) colors, indicates a disk fraction of ∼6 percent, which is lower than that expected for stellar clusters with a similar age. Such a large sample of objects associated with CMa R1 without evidences of circumstellar accretion can be interpreted as a lack of disk-bearing stars, unusual for young star-forming regions. However, this may be explained as the result of supernova events.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 25, 2022 - 4:13:18 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:34:26 AM

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J. Gregorio-Hetem, F. Navarete, A. Hetem, T. Santos-Silva, P. A. B. Galli, et al.. Searching for Active Low-mass Stars in the CMa Star-forming Region: Multi-band Photometry with T80S. The Astronomical Journal, 2021, 161, ⟨10.3847/1538-3881/abd705⟩. ⟨insu-03678888⟩

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