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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2017

A Multiple Flux-tube Solar Wind Model

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Abstract

We present a new model, MULTI-VP, which computes the three-dimensional structure of the solar wind and includes the chromosphere, the transition region, and the corona and low heliosphere. MULTI-VP calculates a large ensemble of wind profiles flowing along open magnetic field lines that sample the entire three-dimensional atmosphere or, alternatively, a given region of interest. The radial domain starts from the photosphere and typically extends to about 30 {R}. The elementary uni-dimensional wind solutions are based on a mature numerical scheme that was adapted in order to accept any flux-tube geometry. We discuss here the first results obtained with this model. We use Potential Field Source-surface extrapolations of magnetograms from the Wilcox Solar Observatory to determine the structure of the background magnetic field. Our results support the hypothesis that the geometry of the magnetic flux-tubes in the lower corona controls the distribution of slow and fast wind flows. The inverse correlation between density and speed far away from the Sun is a global effect resulting from small readjustments of the flux-tube cross-sections in the high corona (necessary to achieve global pressure balance and a uniform open flux distribution). In comparison to current global MHD models, MULTI-VP performs much faster and does not suffer from spurious cross-field diffusion effects. We show that MULTI-VP has the capability to predict correctly the dynamical and thermal properties of the background solar wind (wind speed, density, temperature, magnetic field amplitude, and other derived quantities) and to approach real-time operation requirements.

Dates and versions

insu-03677020 , version 1 (24-05-2022)

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Rui F. Pinto, Alexis P. Rouillard. A Multiple Flux-tube Solar Wind Model. The Astrophysical Journal, 2017, 838, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aa6398⟩. ⟨insu-03677020⟩

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