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The relation between stellar magnetic field geometry and chromospheric activity cycles - I. The highly variable field of ɛ Eridani at activity minimum

Abstract : The young and magnetically active K dwarf ɛ Eridani exhibits a chromospheric activity cycle of about 3 yr. Previous reconstructions of its large-scale magnetic field show strong variations at yearly epochs. To understand how ɛ Eridani's large-scale magnetic field geometry evolves over its activity cycle, we focus on high-cadence observations spanning 5 months at its activity minimum. Over this time-span, we reconstruct three maps of ɛ Eridani's large-scale magnetic field using the tomographic technique of Zeeman-Doppler imaging. The results show that at the minimum of its cycle, ɛ Eridani's large-scale field is more complex than the simple dipolar structure of the Sun and 61 Cyg A at minimum. Additionally, we observe a surprisingly rapid regeneration of a strong axisymmetric toroidal field as ɛ Eridani emerges from its S-index activity minimum. Our results show that all stars do not exhibit the same field geometry as the Sun, and this will be an important constraint for the dynamo models of active solar-type stars.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 24, 2022 - 2:20:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 4:20:35 AM

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S. V. Jeffers, S. Boro Saikia, J. R. Barnes, P. Petit, S. C. Marsden, et al.. The relation between stellar magnetic field geometry and chromospheric activity cycles - I. The highly variable field of ɛ Eridani at activity minimum. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 2017, 471, pp.L96-L100. ⟨10.1093/mnrasl/slx097⟩. ⟨insu-03676966⟩

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