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Spectral Characteristics of the He i D3 Line in a Quiescent Prominence Observed by THEMIS

Abstract : We analyze the observations of a quiescent prominence acquired by the Téléscope Heliographique pour l'Étude du Magnetisme et des Instabilités Solaires (THEMIS) in the He i 5876 Å (He i D3) multiplet aiming to measure the spectral characteristics of the He i D3 profiles and to find for them an adequate fitting model. The component characteristics of the He i D3 Stokes I profiles are measured by the fitting system by approximating them with a double Gaussian. This model yields an He i D3 component peak intensity ratio of 5.5±0.4, which differs from the value of 8 expected in the optically thin limit. Most of the measured Doppler velocities lie in the interval ± 5 km s-1, with a standard deviation of ± 1.7 km s-1 around the peak value of 0.4 km s-1. The wide distribution of the full-width at half maximum has two maxima at 0.25 Å and 0.30 Å for the He i D3 blue component and two maxima at 0.22 Å and 0.31 Å for the red component. The width ratio of the components is 1.04±0.18. We show that the double-Gaussian model systematically underestimates the blue wing intensities. To solve this problem, we invoke a two-temperature multi-Gaussian model, consisting of two double-Gaussians, which provides a better representation of He i D3 that is free of the wing intensity deficit. This model suggests temperatures of 11.5 kK and 91 kK, respectively, for the cool and the hot component of the target prominence. The cool and hot components of a typical He i D3 profile have component peak intensity ratios of 6.6 and 8, implying a prominence geometrical width of 17 Mm and an optical thickness of 0.3 for the cool component, while the optical thickness of the hot component is negligible. These prominence parameters seem to be realistic, suggesting the physical adequacy of the multi-Gaussian model with important implications for interpreting He i D3 spectropolarimetry by current inversion codes.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 24, 2022 - 2:11:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:49:03 AM

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Július Koza, Ján Rybák, Peter Gömöry, Matúš Kozák, Arturo López Ariste. Spectral Characteristics of the He i D3 Line in a Quiescent Prominence Observed by THEMIS. SOLAR PHYSICS, 2017, 292, ⟨10.1007/s11207-017-1118-z⟩. ⟨insu-03676959⟩

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