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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2019

Resolved UV and [C II] Structures of Luminous Galaxies within the Epoch of Reionization

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1
J. Matthee
D. Sobral
  • Function : Author
L. A. Boogaard
  • Function : Author
H. Röttgering
L. Vallini
  • Function : Author
A. Ferrara
  • Function : Author
A. Paulino-Afonso
  • Function : Author
B. Mobasher
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We present new deep ALMA and Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/WFC3 observations of MASOSA and VR7, two luminous Lyα emitters (LAEs) at z = 6.5, for which the UV continuum levels differ by a factor of four. No IR dust continuum emission is detected in either, indicating little amounts of obscured star formation and/or high dust temperatures. MASOSA, with a UV luminosity M 1500 = -20.9, compact size, and very high Lyα {EW}}0≈ 145 \mathringA , is undetected in [C II] to a limit of L [C II] < 2.2 × 107 L , implying a metallicity Z ≲ 0.07 Z . Intriguingly, our HST data indicate a red UV slope β = -1.1 ± 0.7, at odds with the low dust content. VR7, which is a bright (M 1500 = -22.4) galaxy with moderate color (β = -1.4 ± 0.3) and Lyα EW0 = 34 Å, is clearly detected in [C II] emission (S/N = 15). VR7's rest-frame UV morphology can be described by two components separated by ≈1.5 kpc and is globally more compact than the [C II] emission. The global [C II]/UV ratio indicates Z ≈ 0.2 Z , but there are large variations in the UV/[C II] ratio on kiloparsec scales. We also identify diffuse, possibly outflowing, [C II]-emitting gas at ≈100 km s-1 with respect to the peak. VR7 appears to be assembling its components at a slightly more evolved stage than other luminous LAEs, with outflows already shaping its direct environment at z ∼ 7. Our results further indicate that the global [C II]-UV relation steepens at SFR < 30 M yr-1, naturally explaining why the [C II]/UV ratio is anticorrelated with Lyα EW in many, but not all, observed LAEs.

Dates and versions

insu-03674414 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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J. Matthee, D. Sobral, L. A. Boogaard, H. Röttgering, L. Vallini, et al.. Resolved UV and [C II] Structures of Luminous Galaxies within the Epoch of Reionization. The Astrophysical Journal, 2019, 881, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ab2f81⟩. ⟨insu-03674414⟩
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