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N-qubit system in a pure state: a necessary and sufficient condition for unentanglement

Abstract : If a pure state of a qubit pair is developed over the four basis states, an equality between the four coefficients of that development, verified if and only if that state is unentangled, is already known. This paper considers an arbitrary pure state of an N-qubit system, developed over the 2N basis states. It is shown that the state is unentangled if and only if a well-chosen collection of [2N-(N+1)] equalities between the 2N coefficients of that development is verified. The number of these equalities is large a soon as N≳ 10, but it is shown that this set of equalities may be classified into (N-1) subsets, which should facilitate their manipulation. This result should be useful e.g. in the contexts of blind quantum source separation and blind quantum process tomography, with an aim which should not be confused with that found when using the concept of equivalence of pure states through local unitary transformations.
Keywords : Quantum Physics
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Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 3:27:00 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:49:25 AM

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Alain Deville, Yannick Deville. N-qubit system in a pure state: a necessary and sufficient condition for unentanglement. Quantum Information Processing, 2019, 18, ⟨10.1007/s11128-019-2433-0⟩. ⟨insu-03674400⟩



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