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MMS Measurements and Modeling of Peculiar Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves

Abstract : Orbiting Earth's dayside outer magnetosphere on 29 September 2015, the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) satellites measured plasma composition, simultaneous electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves, and intermittent fast plasma flows consistent with ultralow frequency waves or convection. Such flows can accelerate typically unobservable low-energy plasma into a measurable energy range of spacecraft plasma instrumentation. We exploit the flow occurrence to ensure measurement of cold ion species alongside the hot particles—consisting of ionospheric heavy ions and solar wind He++—during a subinterval of wave emissions with spectral properties previously described as peculiar. Through application of the composition and multisatellite wave vector data to linear theory, we demonstrate the emissions are in fact consistent with theory, growing naturally in the He++ band with sufficient free energy.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03674391
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Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 5:20:33 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:11:30 AM

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Justin H. Lee, Drew L. Turner, Sergio Toledo-Redondo, Sarah K. Vines, Robert C. Allen, et al.. MMS Measurements and Modeling of Peculiar Electromagnetic Ion Cyclotron Waves. Geophysical Research Letters, 2019, 46, pp.11,622-11,631. ⟨10.1029/2019GL085182⟩. ⟨insu-03674391⟩

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