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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Letters Year : 2019

Variable Warm Dust around the Herbig Ae Star HD 169142: Birth of a Ring?

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Lei Chen
  • Function : Author
Attila Moór
  • Function : Author
Alexander Kreplin
  • Function : Author
Ágnes Kóspál
  • Function : Author
Peter Ábrahám
  • Function : Author
Alexis Matter
  • Function : Author
Karl-Heinz Hofmann
  • Function : Author
Dieter Schertl
  • Function : Author
Gerd Weigelt
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The Herbig Ae star HD 169142 is known to have a gaseous disk with a large inner hole, and also a photometrically variable inner dust component in the sub-astronomical-unit region. Following up on our previous analysis, we further studied the temporal evolution of inner dust around HD 169142, which may provide information on the evolution from late-stage protoplanetary disks to debris disks. We used near-infrared interferometric observations obtained with the Very Large Telescope Interferometer/PIONIER to constrain the dust distribution at three epochs spanning six years. We also studied the photometric variability of HD 169142 using our optical-infrared observations and archival data. Our results indicate that a dust ring at ∼0.3 au formed some time between 2013 and 2018, and then faded (but did not completely disappear) by 2019. The short-term variability resembles that observed in extreme debris disks, and is likely related to short-lived dust of secondary origin, though variable shadowing from the inner ring could be an alternative interpretation. If confirmed, this is the first direct detection of secondary dust production inside a protoplanetary disk.

Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere under ESO programs 0101.C-0367 and 60.A-9135.

Dates and versions

insu-03674381 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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Lei Chen, Attila Moór, Alexander Kreplin, Ágnes Kóspál, Peter Ábrahám, et al.. Variable Warm Dust around the Herbig Ae Star HD 169142: Birth of a Ring?. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2019, 887, ⟨10.3847/2041-8213/ab59dd⟩. ⟨insu-03674381⟩
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