The ALPINE-ALMA [C II] Survey: on the nature of an extremely obscured serendipitous galaxy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2020

The ALPINE-ALMA [C II] Survey: on the nature of an extremely obscured serendipitous galaxy

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M. Romano
  • Function : Author
P. Cassata
  • Function : Author
L. Morselli
  • Function : Author
B. C. Lemaux
M. Béthermin
P. Capak
A. Faisst
  • Function : Author
J. Silverman
  • Function : Author
L. Yan
  • Function : Author
S. Bardelli
M. Boquien
A. Cimatti
M. Dessauges-Zavadsky
  • Function : Author
A. Enia
  • Function : Author
Y. Fudamoto
  • Function : Author
S. Fujimoto
  • Function : Author
M. Ginolfi
  • Function : Author
C. Gruppioni
  • Function : Author
N. P. Hathi
  • Function : Author
E. Ibar
  • Function : Author
G. C. Jones
  • Function : Author
A. M. Koekemoer
  • Function : Author
F. Loiacono
  • Function : Author
C. Mancini
  • Function : Author
D. A. Riechers
  • Function : Author
G. Rodighiero
  • Function : Author
L. Rodríguez-Muñoz
  • Function : Author
M. Talia
  • Function : Author
L. Vallini
  • Function : Author
D. Vergani
  • Function : Author
G. Zamorani
E. Zucca

Abstract

We report the serendipitous discovery of a dust-obscured galaxy observed as part of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Large Program to INvestigate [C II] at Early times (ALPINE). While this galaxy is detected both in line and continuum emissions in ALMA Band 7, it is completely dark in the observed optical/near-infrared bands and only shows a significant detection in the UltraVISTA Ks band. We discuss the nature of the observed ALMA line, that is [C II] at $z$ ∼ 4.6 or high-J CO transitions at $z$ ∼ 2.2. In the first case, we find a [C II]/FIR luminosity ratio of $\mathrm{log}{(L_{[\mathrm{ C}\, \rm {\small {II}}]}/L_{\mathrm{ FIR}})} \sim -2.5$ , consistent with the average value for local star-forming galaxies (SFGs). In the second case instead, the source would lie at larger CO luminosities than those expected for local SFGs and high-z submillimetre galaxies. At both redshifts, we derive the star formation rate (SFR) from the ALMA continuum and the physical parameters of the galaxy, such as the stellar mass (M*), by fitting its spectral energy distribution. Exploiting the results of this work, we believe that our source is a 'main-sequence', dusty SFG at $z$ = 4.6 (I.e. [C II] emitter) with $\mathrm{log(SFR/M_{\odot }\, yr^{-1})}\sim 1.4$ and log(M*/M) ∼ 9.9. As a support to this scenario our galaxy, if at this redshift, lies in a massive protocluster recently discovered at $z$ ∼ 4.57, at only ∼1 proper Mpc from its centre. This work underlines the crucial role of the ALPINE survey in making a census of this class of objects, in order to unveil their contribution to the global SFR density at the end of the Reionization epoch.
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Dates and versions

insu-03673136 , version 1 (20-05-2022)

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Cite

M. Romano, P. Cassata, L. Morselli, B. C. Lemaux, M. Béthermin, et al.. The ALPINE-ALMA [C II] Survey: on the nature of an extremely obscured serendipitous galaxy. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2020, 496, pp.875-887. ⟨10.1093/mnras/staa1546⟩. ⟨insu-03673136⟩
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