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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2020

The Solar Origin of Particle Events Measured by Parker Solar Probe

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Abstract

During the second solar encounter phase of Parker Solar Probe (PSP), two small solar energetic particle (SEP) events were observed by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun, on 2019 April 2 and 4. At the time, PSP was approaching its second perihelion at a distance of ∼24.8 million kilometers from the solar center, it was in near-radial alignment with STEREO-A and in quadrature with Earth. During the two SEP events multiple narrow ejections and a streamer-blowout coronal mass ejection (SBO-CME) originated from a solar region situated eastward of PSP. We analyze remote-sensing observations of the solar corona, and model the different eruptions and how PSP was connected magnetically to the solar atmosphere to determine the possible origin of the two SEP events. We find that the SEP event on April 2 was associated with the two homologous ejections from active region 12738 that included two surges and EUV waves occurring in quick succession. The EUV waves appear to merge and were fast enough to form a shock in the low corona. We show that the April 4 SEP event originates in the SBO-CME. Our modeling work suggests that formation of a weak shock is likely for this CME.

Dates and versions

insu-03673133 , version 1 (19-05-2022)

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Athanasios Kouloumvakos, Angelos Vourlidas, Alexis P. Rouillard, Edmond C. Roelof, Rick Leske, et al.. The Solar Origin of Particle Events Measured by Parker Solar Probe. The Astrophysical Journal, 2020, 899, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/aba5a1⟩. ⟨insu-03673133⟩
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