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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Year : 2021

Molecules with ALMA at Planet-forming Scales (MAPS). I. Program Overview and Highlights

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Karin I. Öberg
  • Function : Author
Viviana V. Guzmán
  • Function : Author
Catherine Walsh
  • Function : Author
Yuri Aikawa
Edwin A. Bergin
  • Function : Author
Charles J. Law
  • Function : Author
Ryan A. Loomis
  • Function : Author
Felipe Alarcón
  • Function : Author
Sean M. Andrews
  • Function : Author
Jaehan Bae
Jennifer B. Bergner
  • Function : Author
Alice S. Booth
  • Function : Author
Arthur D. Bosman
  • Function : Author
Jenny K. Calahan
  • Function : Author
Gianni Cataldi
  • Function : Author
L. Ilsedore Cleeves
  • Function : Author
Ian Czekala
  • Function : Author
Kenji Furuya
  • Function : Author
Jane Huang
  • Function : Author
John D. Ilee
  • Function : Author
Nicolas T. Kurtovic
  • Function : Author
Yao Liu
  • Function : Author
Feng Long
  • Function : Author
Hideko Nomura
Laura M. Pérez
  • Function : Author
Chunhua Qi
Kamber R. Schwarz
  • Function : Author
Anibal Sierra
  • Function : Author
Richard Teague
Takashi Tsukagoshi
Yoshihide Yamato
  • Function : Author
Merel L. R. Van'T Hoff
  • Function : Author
Abygail R. Waggoner
  • Function : Author
David J. Wilner
  • Function : Author
Ke Zhang
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Planets form and obtain their compositions in dust- and gas-rich disks around young stars, and the outcome of this process is intimately linked to the disk chemical properties. The distributions of molecules across disks regulate the elemental compositions of planets, including C/N/O/S ratios and metallicity (O/H and C/H), as well as access to water and prebiotically relevant organics. Emission from molecules also encodes information on disk ionization levels, temperature structures, kinematics, and gas surface densities, which are all key ingredients of disk evolution and planet formation models. The Molecules with ALMA at Planet-forming Scales (MAPS) ALMA Large Program was designed to expand our understanding of the chemistry of planet formation by exploring disk chemical structures down to 10 au scales. The MAPS program focuses on five disks-around IM Lup, GM Aur, AS 209, HD 163296, and MWC 480-in which dust substructures are detected and planet formation appears to be ongoing. We observed these disks in four spectral setups, which together cover ~50 lines from over 20 different species. This paper introduces the Astrophysical Journal Supplement's MAPS Special Issue by presenting an overview of the program motivation, disk sample, observational details, and calibration strategy. We also highlight key results, including discoveries of links between dust, gas, and chemical substructures, large reservoirs of nitriles and other organics in the inner disk regions, and elevated C/O ratios across most disks. We discuss how this collection of results is reshaping our view of the chemistry of planet formation.

Dates and versions

insu-03672380 , version 1 (19-05-2022)

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Karin I. Öberg, Viviana V. Guzmán, Catherine Walsh, Yuri Aikawa, Edwin A. Bergin, et al.. Molecules with ALMA at Planet-forming Scales (MAPS). I. Program Overview and Highlights. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 2021, 257, ⟨10.3847/1538-4365/ac1432⟩. ⟨insu-03672380⟩
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