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Journal Articles Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics Year : 2018

Chemical composition and sources of atmospheric aerosols at Djougou (Benin)

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Abstract

In the framework of the INDAAF (International Network to study Deposition and Atmospheric chemistry in AFrica) program, atmospheric aerosols were collected in PM2.5 and PM10 size fractions at Djougou, Benin, in the West Africa, from November, 2005 to October, 2009. Particulate carbon, ionic species, and trace metals were analyzed. Weekly PM2.5 and PM10 total mass concentrations varied between 0.7 and 47.3 µg m-3 and 1.4-148.3 µg m-3, respectively. We grouped the aerosol chemical compounds into four classes: dust, particulate organic matter (POM), elemental carbon (EC), and ions. We studied the annual variation of each class to determine their contribution in the total aerosol mass concentration and finally to investigate their potential emission sources. On an annual basis, the species presented a well-marked seasonality, with the peak of mass concentration for both sizes registered in dry season, 67 ± 2 to 86 ± 9 versus 14 ± 9 to 34 ± 5% in wet season. These values emphasized the seasonality of the emissions and the relative weak interannual standard deviation indicates the low variability of the seasonality. At the seasonal scale, major contributions to the aerosol chemistry in the dry season are: dust (26-59%), POM (30-59%), EC (5-9%), and ions (3-5%), suggesting a predominance of Sahelian and Saharan dust emissions and biomass burning source in this season. In the wet season, POM is predominant, followed by dust, EC, and ions. These results point out the contribution of surrounded biofuel combustion used for cooking and biogenic emissions during the wet season.
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Dates and versions

insu-03671646 , version 1 (18-05-2022)

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Marie-Roumy Ouafo-Leumbe, Corinne Galy-Lacaux, Catherine Liousse, Veronique Pont, Aristide Akpo, et al.. Chemical composition and sources of atmospheric aerosols at Djougou (Benin). Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 2018, 130, pp.591-609. ⟨10.1007/s00703-017-0538-5⟩. ⟨insu-03671646⟩
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