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Age Dependence of Wind Properties for Solar-type Stars: A 3D Study

Abstract : Young and rapidly rotating stars are known for intense, dynamo-generated magnetic fields. Spectropolarimetric observations of those stars in precisely aged clusters are key input for gyrochronology and magnetochronology. We use Zeeman Doppler imaging maps of several young K-type stars of similar mass and radius but with various ages and rotational periods to perform three-dimensional (3D) numerical MHD simulations of their coronae and follow the evolution of their magnetic properties with age. Those simulations yield the coronal structure as well as the instant torque exerted by the magnetized, rotating wind on the star. As stars get older, we find that the angular momentum loss decreases with {{{Ω }}}\star 3, which is the reason for the convergence on the Skumanich law. For the youngest stars of our sample, the angular momentum loss shows signs of saturation around 8{{{Ω }}}, which is a common value used in spin evolution models for K-type stars. We compare these results to semianalytical models and existing braking laws. We observe a complex wind-speed distribution for the youngest stars with slow, intermediate, and fast wind components, which are the result of interaction with intense and nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields. Consequently, in our simulations, the stellar wind structure in the equatorial plane of young stars varies significantly from a solar configuration, delivering insight about the past of the solar system interplanetary medium.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 16, 2022 - 3:45:08 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:06:14 AM

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Victor Réville, Colin P. Folsom, Antoine Strugarek, Allan Sacha Brun. Age Dependence of Wind Properties for Solar-type Stars: A 3D Study. The Astrophysical Journal, 2016, 832, ⟨10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/145⟩. ⟨insu-03669398⟩

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