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Caledonian magmatism record within Hebridean Terrane? Loch Roag dyke (Lewis Island, northern Scotland) non-peridotitic xenoliths and megacrysts as messengers from deep lithosphere.

Abstract : The northernmost part of Scotland - the Hebridean Terrane - is formed of Archean rocks originally being part of the Laurentian North Atlantic Craton. The geological history of the terrane is well recognised, however details of its internal structure remain unknown. The Eocene (Faithfull et al. 2012, JGS) Loch Roag monchiquite (Lewis Island) sampled deep-seated lithologies, providing insight on evolution and geological structure of the deeper lithosphere of the Hebridean terrane. The monchiquite comprises abundant xenoliths of ultramafic, mafic and felsic rocks. The peridotitic xenoliths represent pieces of Archean mantle underlying marginal parts of the North Atlantic Craton, whereas the origin of non-peridotitic lithologies is uncertain.The studied suite of samples comprises two groups: 1) "xenoliths" of diorites (plagioclase, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene, apatite, opaques) and biotite clinopyroxenites (+apatite), 2) "megacrysts" of clinopyroxene and K-feldspar, both with inclusions of clinopyroxene, biotite and apatite. Megacrysts of alkali-rich feldspar associated with corundum and HFSE-bearing minerals, and composite xenoliths formed of pyroxenite and K-feldspar-rich lithology have also been described from this locality (Menzies et al., 1986, Geol. Soc. Australia Spec. Pub.; Upton et al., 2009, Mineral. Mag.).We interpret the "xenoliths" as products of crystallization of fractionated mafic melt(s). The primary character of Sr isotopic ratios in plagioclase (87Sr/86Sr <0.702) suggests that parental melt of those lithologies originated from melting of depleted lithospheric mantle sources. The "megacrysts" represent fragments of disintegrated alkaline pegmatite(s) formed from melt of plausible mantle origin, possibly enriched (87Sr/86Sr in feldspar >0.704).Trace element composition, similar Sr isotopic ratios of minerals and textural features of "xenoliths" and "megacrysts" groups suggest their close genetic relationship. This geochemical resemblance may reflect crystallisation from primarily similar melt(s) and source regions affected by similar metasomatism. Petrographic features observed in rocks described by Upton et al., (2009) imply that the parental magma of megacrysts might have intruded the rocks forming the xenoliths group. Moreover, the Rb-Sr ages of xenoliths (Der-Chuen et al., 1993, GCA) indicate crystallisation during (or shortly after) Caledonian orogeny. Preliminary age relationship between groups will be determined by on-going Rb-Sr dating of megacrysts.Xenoliths similar to diorites from Loch Roag were reported by Badenszki et al. (2019, JoP) from the Midland Valley terrane ("metadiorites" of protolith ages ca. 415 Ma). They were interpreted as products of alkaline syn-/post-collisional Caledonian magmatism. Our study shows that non-peridotitic xenoliths from Loch Roag dyke might represent a record of similar (or the same) magmatism in the northernmost, "Laurentian" part of Scotland. This study presents the first report of such Caledonian magmatism record within the Hebridean Terrane.Founded by Polish National Science Centre grant no. UMO-2016/23/B/ST10/01905, part of the data was obtained thanks to the Polish-Austrian project no. WTZ PL 08/2018.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 16, 2022 - 3:39:08 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:48:44 AM

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Daniel Buczko, Magdalena Matusiak-Małek, Brian J. G. Upton, Theodoros Ntaflos, Sonja Aulbach, et al.. Caledonian magmatism record within Hebridean Terrane? Loch Roag dyke (Lewis Island, northern Scotland) non-peridotitic xenoliths and megacrysts as messengers from deep lithosphere.. 22nd EGU General Assembly, 0000, à renseigner, Unknown Region. ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-14255⟩. ⟨insu-03669367⟩

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