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Canopy polarized BRDF simulation based on non-stationary Monte Carlo 3-D vector RT modeling

Abstract : Vector radiative transfer (VRT) has been largely used to simulate polarized reflectance of atmosphere and ocean. However it is still not properly used to describe vegetation cover polarized reflectance. In this study, we try to propose a 3-D VRT model based on a modified Monte Carlo (MC) forward ray tracing simulation to analyze vegetation canopy reflectance. Two kinds of leaf scattering are taken into account: (i) Lambertian diffuse reflectance and transmittance and (ii) specular reflection. A new method to estimate the condition on leaf orientation to produce reflection is proposed, and its probability to occur, Pl,max, is computed. It is then shown that Pl,max is low, but when reflection happens, the corresponding radiance Stokes vector, Io, is very high. Such a phenomenon dramatically increases the MC variance and yields to an irregular reflectance distribution function. For better regularization, we propose a non-stationary MC approach that simulates reflection for each sunny leaf assuming that its orientation is randomly chosen according to its angular distribution. It is shown in this case that the average canopy reflection is proportional to Pl,max ·Io which produces a smooth distribution. Two experiments are conducted: (i) assuming leaf light polarization is only due to the Fresnel reflection and (ii) the general polarization case. In the former experiment, our results confirm that in the forward direction, canopy polarizes horizontally light. In addition, they show that in inclined forward direction, diagonal polarization can be observed. In the latter experiment, polarization is produced in all orientations. It is particularly pointed out that specular polarization explains just a part of the forward polarization. Diffuse scattering polarizes light horizontally and vertically in forward and backward directions, respectively. Weak circular polarization signal is also observed near the backscattering direction. Finally, validation of the non-polarized reflectance using the ROMC tool is done, and our model shows good agreement with the ROMC reference.
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Contributor : Nathalie Pothier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, May 14, 2022 - 4:11:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 16, 2022 - 8:20:14 AM




Abdelaziz Kallel, Jean Philippe Gastellu-Etchegorry. Canopy polarized BRDF simulation based on non-stationary Monte Carlo 3-D vector RT modeling. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 2017, 189, pp.149-167. ⟨10.1016/j.jqsrt.2016.11.006⟩. ⟨insu-03668270⟩



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