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Estimation of corn yield using multi-temporal optical and radar satellite data and artificial neural networks

Abstract : The yield forecasting of corn constitutes a key issue in agricultural management, particularly in the context of demographic pressure and climate change. This study presents two methods to estimate yields using artificial neural networks: a diagnostic approach based on all the satellite data acquired throughout the agricultural season, and a real-time approach, where estimates are updated after each image was acquired in the microwave and optical domains (Formosat-2, Spot-4/5, TerraSAR-X, and Radarsat-2) throughout the crop cycle. The results are based on the Multispectral Crop Monitoring experimental campaign conducted by the CESBIO (Centre d'Études de la BIOsphère) laboratory in 2010 over an agricultural region in southwestern France. Among the tested sensor configurations (multi-frequency, multi-polarization or multi-source data), the best yield estimation performance (using the diagnostic approach) is obtained with reflectance acquired in the red wavelength region, with a coefficient of determination of 0.77 and an RMSE of 6.6 q ha-1. In the real-time approach the combination of red reflectance and CHH backscattering coefficients provides the best compromise between the accuracy and earliness of the yield estimate (more than 3 months before the harvest), with an R2 of 0.69 and an RMSE of 7.0 q ha-1 during the development of the central stem. The two best yield estimates are similar in most cases (for more than 80% of the monitored fields), and the differences are related to discrepancies in the crop growth cycle and/or the consequences of pests.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 14, 2022 - 4:11:32 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 8:42:29 AM

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R. Fieuzal, C. Marais Sicre, F. Baup. Estimation of corn yield using multi-temporal optical and radar satellite data and artificial neural networks. International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation, 2017, 57, pp.14-23. ⟨10.1016/j.jag.2016.12.011⟩. ⟨insu-03668269⟩

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