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SPIDERS: the spectroscopic follow-up of X-ray selected clusters of galaxies in SDSS-IV

Abstract : SPIDERS (The SPectroscopic IDentification of eROSITA Sources) is a programme dedicated to the homogeneous and complete spectroscopic follow-up of X-ray active galactic nuclei and galaxy clusters over a large area (∼7500 deg2) of the extragalactic sky. SPIDERS is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS)-IV project, together with the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey and the Time-Domain Spectroscopic Survey. This paper describes the largest project within SPIDERS before the launch of eROSITA: an optical spectroscopic survey of X-ray-selected, massive (∼1014-1015 M) galaxy clusters discovered in ROSAT and XMM-Newton imaging. The immediate aim is to determine precise (Δz ∼ 0.001) redshifts for 4000-5000 of these systems out to z ∼ 0.6. The scientific goal of the program is precision cosmology, using clusters as probes of large-scale structure in the expanding Universe. We present the cluster samples, target selection algorithms and observation strategies. We demonstrate the efficiency of selecting targets using a combination of SDSS imaging data, a robust red-sequence finder and a dedicated prioritization scheme. We describe a set of algorithms and work-flow developed to collate spectra and assign cluster membership, and to deliver catalogues of spectroscopically confirmed clusters. We discuss the relevance of line-of-sight velocity dispersion estimators for the richer systems. We illustrate our techniques by constructing a catalogue of 230 spectroscopically validated clusters (0.031 < z < 0.658), found in pilot observations. We discuss two potential science applications of the SPIDERS sample: the study of the X-ray luminosity-velocity dispersion (LX-σ) relation and the building of stacked phase-space diagrams.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 7:00:59 PM
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N. Clerc, A. Merloni, y. -y. Zhang, A. Finoguenov, T. Dwelly, et al.. SPIDERS: the spectroscopic follow-up of X-ray selected clusters of galaxies in SDSS-IV. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2016, 463, pp.4490-4515. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stw2214⟩. ⟨insu-03667682⟩

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