COSMOS2020: Ubiquitous AGN Activity of Massive Quiescent Galaxies at 0 < z < 5 Revealed by X-Ray and Radio Stacking - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2022

COSMOS2020: Ubiquitous AGN Activity of Massive Quiescent Galaxies at 0 < z < 5 Revealed by X-Ray and Radio Stacking

Kei Ito
  • Function : Author
Masayuki Tanaka
  • Function : Author
Takamitsu Miyaji
  • Function : Author
Anton M. Koekemoer
  • Function : Author
Stefano Marchesi
  • Function : Author
Marko Shuntov
Sune Toft
Francesco Valentino
John R. Weaver
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We characterize the average X-ray and radio properties of quiescent galaxies (QGs) with $\mathrm{log}({M}_{\star }/{M}_{\odot }) 10$ at 0 < z < 5. QGs are photometrically selected from the latest COSMOS2020 catalog. We conduct the stacking analysis of X-ray images of the Chandra COSMOS Legacy Survey for individually undetected QGs. Thanks to the large sample and deep images, the stacked X-ray signal is significantly detected up to z ~ 5. The average X-ray luminosity cannot be explained by the X-ray luminosity of X-ray binaries, suggesting that the low-luminosity active galactic nuclei (AGNs) ubiquitously exist in QGs. Moreover, the X-ray AGN luminosity of QGs at z > 1.5 is higher than that of star-forming galaxies (SFGs), derived in the same manner as QGs. The stacking analysis of the VLA-COSMOS images is conducted for the identical sample, and the radio signal for QGs is also detected up to z ~ 5. We find that the radio AGN luminosity of QGs at z > 1.5 is also higher than SFGs, which is in good agreement with the X-ray analysis. The enhanced AGN activity in QGs suggested by the individual analysis in the X-ray and radio wavelength supports its important role for quenching at high redshift. Their enhanced AGN activity is less obvious at z < 1.5, which can be interpreted as an increasing role of others at lower redshifts, such as environmental quenching.
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Dates and versions

insu-03667439 , version 1 (14-05-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Kei Ito, Masayuki Tanaka, Takamitsu Miyaji, Olivier Ilbert, Olivier B. Kauffmann, et al.. COSMOS2020: Ubiquitous AGN Activity of Massive Quiescent Galaxies at 0 < z < 5 Revealed by X-Ray and Radio Stacking. The Astrophysical Journal, 2022, 929, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ac5aaf⟩. ⟨insu-03667439⟩
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