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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Letters Year : 2022

Chaotic and Clumpy Galaxy Formation in an Extremely Massive Reionization-era Halo

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1
Justin S. Spilker
  • Function : Author
Christopher C. Hayward
  • Function : Author
Daniel P. Marrone
  • Function : Author
Manuel Aravena
James Burgoyne
  • Function : Author
Scott C. Chapman
  • Function : Author
Thomas R. Greve
  • Function : Author
Yashar D. Hezaveh
  • Function : Author
Ryley Hill
  • Function : Author
Katrina C. Litke
  • Function : Author
Christopher C. Lovell
  • Function : Author
Matthew A. Malkan
  • Function : Author
Eric J. Murphy
  • Function : Author
Desika Narayanan
Kedar A. Phadke
  • Function : Author
Cassie Reuter
  • Function : Author
Antony A. Stark
  • Function : Author
Nikolaus Sulzenauer
  • Function : Author
Joaquin D. Vieira
  • Function : Author
David Vizgan
  • Function : Author
Axel Weiss

Abstract

The SPT 0311-58 system at z = 6.900 is an extremely massive structure within the reionization epoch and offers a chance to understand the formation of galaxies at an extreme peak in the primordial density field. We present 70 mas Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations of the dust continuum and [C II] 158 μm emission in the central pair of galaxies and reach physical resolutions of ~100-350 pc, among the most detailed views of any reionization-era system to date. The observations resolve the source into at least a dozen kiloparsec-size clumps. The global kinematics and high turbulent velocity dispersion within the galaxies present a striking contrast to recent claims of dynamically cold thin-disk kinematics in some dusty galaxies just 800 Myr later at z ~ 4. We speculate that both gravitational interactions and fragmentation from massive parent disks have likely played a role in the overall dynamics and formation of clumps in the system. Each clump individually is comparable in mass to other 6 < z < 8 galaxies identified in rest-UV/optical deep field surveys, but with star formation rates elevated by a factor of ~3-5. Internally, the clumps themselves bear close resemblance to greatly scaled-up versions of virialized cloud-scale structures identified in low-redshift galaxies. Our observations are qualitatively similar to the chaotic and clumpy assembly within massive halos seen in simulations of high-redshift galaxies.
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Dates and versions

insu-03667437 , version 1 (14-05-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Justin S. Spilker, Christopher C. Hayward, Daniel P. Marrone, Manuel Aravena, Matthieu Béthermin, et al.. Chaotic and Clumpy Galaxy Formation in an Extremely Massive Reionization-era Halo. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 2022, 929, ⟨10.3847/2041-8213/ac61e6⟩. ⟨insu-03667437⟩
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