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New Evidence for a Physical Link between Asteroids (155140) 2005 UD and (3200) Phaethon

Abstract : In 2018, the near-Earth object (155140) 2005 UD (hereafter UD) experienced a close fly by of the Earth. We present results from an observational campaign involving photometric, spectroscopic, and polarimetric observations carried out across a wide range of phase angles (0°7-88°). We also analyze archival NEOWISE observations. We report an absolute magnitude of HV = 17.51 ± 0.02 mag and an albedo of pV = 0.10 ± 0.02. UD has been dynamically linked to Phaethon due their similar orbital configurations. Assuming similar surface properties, we derived new estimates for the diameters of Phaethon and UD of D = 5.4 ± 0.5 km and D = 1.3 ± 0.1 km, respectively. Thermophysical modeling of NEOWISE data suggests a surface thermal inertia of ${\rm{\Gamma }}={300}_{-110}^{+120}$ and regolith grain size in the range of 0.9-10 mm for UD and grain sizes of 3-30 mm for Phaethon. The light curve of UD displays a symmetric shape with a reduced amplitude of Am(0) = 0.29 mag and increasing at a linear rate of 0.017 mag/° between phase angles of 0° and ∼25°. Little variation in light-curve morphology was observed throughout the apparition. Using light-curve inversion techniques, we obtained a sidereal rotation period P = 5.235 ± 0.005 hr. A search for rotational variation in spectroscopic and polarimetric properties yielded negative results within observational uncertainties of ∼10% μm-1 and ∼16%, respectively. In this work, we present new evidence that Phaethon and UD are similar in composition and surface properties, strengthening the arguments for a genetic relationship between these two objects. * Partially based on data collected with 2 m RCC telescope at Rozhen National Astronomical Observatory.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 10:02:20 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:17:11 AM

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Maxime Devogèle, Eric Maclennan, Annika Gustafsson, Nicholas Moskovitz, Joey Chatelain, et al.. New Evidence for a Physical Link between Asteroids (155140) 2005 UD and (3200) Phaethon. The Planetary Science Journal, 2020, 1, ⟨10.3847/PSJ/ab8e45⟩. ⟨insu-03667092⟩

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