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Planetary Refractory Composition and Volatile Accretion into Gas Giants in the Protoplanetary Disks of the Sun and WASP-12

Abstract : We present a detailed theoretical exploration of the refractory compositions and volatile enrichments of planets forming in protoplanetary disks with solar-like conditions. The two cases of the Sun and WASP-12 are studied due to the availability of spectral measurements and their known planets. The distribution throughout their disks of solid compounds with a wide range of volatilities is computed by a comprehensive chemical thermodynamics code. After the calculation of refractory compounds down to the water snowline, the compositional distributions are documented for planets generated in certain locations of protoplanetary disks depending on thermodynamic conditions. These results are referred to proposed bulk compositions for solar terrestrial planets, and for the core of the hot Jupiter WASP-12b. The material left over after the formation of rocky components is collected and treated in calculations to determine the abundances of fundamental volatile molecules in the outer regions of the disks. The distributions of planetesimal volatile composition are then altered for four different cases of the carbon-to-oxygen ratios, and for oxidizing and reducing conditions, in order to adjust the best fit for the accretion zone of Jupiter and WASP-12b. We compare the Jovian results to in situ atmospheric measurements from Jupiter's atmosphere. Overall, this study proposes a holistic approach to estimate possible planetary interior and envelope compositions from hot toward cold disk zones, along with the mass of planetesimals accreted into the envelopes of gas giants.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03667034
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Submitted on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 9:39:46 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:17:10 AM

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G. S. Pekmezci, O. Mousis, J. I. Lunine. Planetary Refractory Composition and Volatile Accretion into Gas Giants in the Protoplanetary Disks of the Sun and WASP-12. The Astrophysical Journal, 2020, 904, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/abbd90⟩. ⟨insu-03667034⟩

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