Along Stream Variations in Valley Flank Erosion Rates Measured Using 10Be Concentrations in Colluvial Deposits From Canyons in the Atacama Desert - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Geophysical Research Letters Year : 2021

Along Stream Variations in Valley Flank Erosion Rates Measured Using 10Be Concentrations in Colluvial Deposits From Canyons in the Atacama Desert

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Abstract

The widening and deepening of river valleys occur at different rates. This co evolution is largely undocumented over thousands of years. Uncertainties on incision and widening laws limit the ability of models to reproduce erosion rates and responses to tectonics and climate over geologic timescales. We studied two 1 km deep canyons in northern Chile, both characterized by valley widening after the upward migration of a major knickzone but with a diachronous incision initiation. We use 10Be concentrations measured in colluvial deposits to quantify the erosion rates E of along stream valley flanks. We observe that E increases in the knickzone, with well defined relationships (R2 = 0.7): E increases quasilinearly with the valley bed slope and decreases with the valley width (exponent ∼ 0.4). Our results suggest that E decreases with time but that valley flank weathering may sustain a significant lateral erosion rate. Our results provide data for testing erosion laws governing valley widening.
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insu-03661474 , version 1 (23-06-2022)

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Valeria Zavala, Sébastien Carretier, Vincent Regard, Stéphane Bonnet, Rodrigo Riquelme, et al.. Along Stream Variations in Valley Flank Erosion Rates Measured Using 10Be Concentrations in Colluvial Deposits From Canyons in the Atacama Desert. Geophysical Research Letters, 2021, 48, ⟨10.1029/2020GL089961⟩. ⟨insu-03661474⟩
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