Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Along Stream Variations in Valley Flank Erosion Rates Measured Using 10Be Concentrations in Colluvial Deposits From Canyons in the Atacama Desert

Abstract : The widening and deepening of river valleys occur at different rates. This co evolution is largely undocumented over thousands of years. Uncertainties on incision and widening laws limit the ability of models to reproduce erosion rates and responses to tectonics and climate over geologic timescales. We studied two 1 km deep canyons in northern Chile, both characterized by valley widening after the upward migration of a major knickzone but with a diachronous incision initiation. We use 10Be concentrations measured in colluvial deposits to quantify the erosion rates E of along stream valley flanks. We observe that E increases in the knickzone, with well defined relationships (R2 = 0.7): E increases quasilinearly with the valley bed slope and decreases with the valley width (exponent ∼ 0.4). Our results suggest that E decreases with time but that valley flank weathering may sustain a significant lateral erosion rate. Our results provide data for testing erosion laws governing valley widening.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03661474
Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 23, 2022 - 4:04:39 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 10:14:45 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 7:13:20 PM

File

Geophysical Research Letters -...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Licence

Copyright

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Valeria Zavala, Sébastien Carretier, Vincent Regard, Stéphane Bonnet, Rodrigo Riquelme, et al.. Along Stream Variations in Valley Flank Erosion Rates Measured Using 10Be Concentrations in Colluvial Deposits From Canyons in the Atacama Desert. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2021, 48, ⟨10.1029/2020GL089961⟩. ⟨insu-03661474⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

33

Files downloads

5