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Magmatic flare-up causes crustal thickening at the transition from subduction to continental collision

Abstract : Above subduction zones, magma production rate and crustal generation can increase by an order of magnitude during narrow time intervals known as magmatic flare-ups. However, the consequences of these events in the deep arc environment remain poorly understood. Here we use petrological and in-situ zircon dating techniques to investigate the root of a continental arc within the collisional West Gondwana Orogen that is now exposed in the Kabyé Massif, Togo. We show that gabbros intruded 670 million years ago at 20-25 km depth were transformed to eclogites by 620 million years ago at 65-70 km depth. This was coeval with extensive magmatism at 20-40 km depth, indicative of a flare-up event which peaked just prior to the subduction of the continental margin. We propose that increased H2O flux from subduction of serpentinized mantle in the hyper-extended margin of the approaching continent was responsible for the increased magma productivity and crustal thickening.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03661280
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Submitted on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 5:00:33 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 10:18:37 AM

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Carlos E. Ganade, Pierre Lanari, Daniela Rubatto, Joerg Hermann, Roberto F. Weinberg, et al.. Magmatic flare-up causes crustal thickening at the transition from subduction to continental collision. Communications Earth & Environment, 2021, 2, ⟨10.1038/s43247-021-00103-z⟩. ⟨insu-03661280⟩

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