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Dynamics of Early Neoproterozoic accretion, west-central India: I. Geochronology and Geochemistry

Abstract : The Godhra-Chhota Udepur (GC) sector (west-central India) is the zone of convergence between two crustal-scale accretion zones, i.e. the N/NNE-striking Aravalli Delhi Fold Belt (ADFB) against the E-striking Central Indian Tectonic Zone (CITZ). In this study, we demonstrate the two orogens welded during the Early Neoproterozoic.In the GC sector, recumbently folded basement gneisses, shallow-dipping granitoid mylonites and a suite of allochthonous supracrustal rocks experienced top-to-the south thrusting and nappe formation (D2 deformation). The shallow-dipping crustal domain was modified by the superposition of a network of WNW/W-striking transpressional shear zones and related folds (D3 deformation). The D2-D3 deformations occurred due to oblique crustal convergence marked by the emplacement of presingle bondD2, post-D2 and syn-D3 granitoids. The post-D2, syn-D3 granite-granodiorites are weakly peraluminous, calc-alkalic, having ferroan to magnesian affinity, and characterised by LREE-enriched moderately fractionated REE patterns with variable negative Eu anomalies. Trace element geochemistry and whole rock Srsingle bondNd systematics suggest the granitoids were derived from dominantly meta-greywacke precursors.In South-GC, Usingle bondPb zircons in the basement gneisses yield upper intercept/Concordia dates at 1.65–1.60 Ga for high-grade metamorphism. The lower intercept/Concordia dates in the gneisses coincide with the 0.95–0.93 Ga emplacement age of post-D2/syn-D3 granitoids throughout GC. However, the pre-D2 granitoids in South-GC are older, ~1.03 Ga. By contrast, pre-D2 granitoids in North-GC yield Late Neoarchean (2.5 Ga) Concordia/upper intercept emplacement ages, identical to the emplacement age of the Archean granites in the ADFB; the lower intercept/Concordia age is 0.95–0.93 Ga. The 2.5 Ga granites did not experience the 1.65–1.60 Ga high-grade metamorphism, but both the lithodemic units shared the 0.95–0.93 Ga D2-D3 deformation-metamorphism and the emplacement of post-D2 and syn-D3 0.95–0.93 Ga granitoids. The juxtaposition of the ~2.5 Ga granitoids and the 1.65–1.60 Ga gneisses is attributed to the 1.03–0.93 Ga ADFB-CITZ oblique accretion that involved contemporaneous emplacement of syn-collisional S-type granitoids.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 9:27:34 AM
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Anwesa Banerjee, Nathan Cogné, Nicole Sequeira, Abhijit Bhattacharya. Dynamics of Early Neoproterozoic accretion, west-central India: I. Geochronology and Geochemistry. Lithos, Elsevier, 2022, pp.106715. ⟨10.1016/j.lithos.2022.106715⟩. ⟨insu-03658496⟩

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