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Journal Articles Earth, Planets and Space Year : 2022

Martian moons exploration MMX: sample return mission to Phobos elucidating formation processes of habitable planets

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Kiyoshi Kuramoto
  • Function : Author
Yasuhiro Kawakatsu
  • Function : Author
Masaki Fujimoto
  • Function : Author
Akito Araya
  • Function : Author
Hidenori Genda
  • Function : Author
Naru Hirata
  • Function : Author
Hitoshi Ikeda
  • Function : Author
Takeshi Imamura
  • Function : Author
Jörn Helbert
  • Function : Author
Shingo Kameda
Masanori Kobayashi
  • Function : Author
Hiroki Kusano
  • Function : Author
David J. Lawrence
  • Function : Author
Koji Matsumoto
  • Function : Author
Patrick Michel
Hideaki Miyamoto
  • Function : Author
Tomokatsu Morota
  • Function : Author
Hiromu Nakagawa
Tomoki Nakamura
  • Function : Author
Kazunori Ogawa
  • Function : Author
Hisashi Otake
  • Function : Author
Masanobu Ozaki
  • Function : Author
Sara Russell
  • Function : Author
Sho Sasaki
  • Function : Author
Hirotaka Sawada
  • Function : Author
Hiroki Senshu
  • Function : Author
Shogo Tachibana
  • Function : Author
Naoki Terada
Stephan Ulamec
  • Function : Author
Tomohiro Usui
  • Function : Author
Koji Wada
  • Function : Author
Sei-Ichiro Watanabe
  • Function : Author
Shoichiro Yokota

Abstract

Martian moons exploration, MMX, is the new sample return mission planned by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) targeting the two Martian moons with the scheduled launch in 2024 and return to the Earth in 2029. The major scientific objectives of this mission are to determine the origin of Phobos and Deimos, to elucidate the early Solar System evolution in terms of volatile delivery across the snow line to the terrestrial planets having habitable surface environments, and to explore the evolutionary processes of both moons and Mars surface environment. To achieve these objectives, during a stay in circum-Martian space over about 3 years MMX will collect samples from Phobos along with close-up observations of this inner moon and carry out multiple flybys of Deimos to make comparative observations of this outer moon. Simultaneously, successive observations of the Martian atmosphere will also be made by utilizing the advantage of quasi-equatorial spacecraft orbits along the moons' orbits.
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insu-03656889 , version 1 (02-05-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Kiyoshi Kuramoto, Yasuhiro Kawakatsu, Masaki Fujimoto, Akito Araya, Maria Antonietta Barucci, et al.. Martian moons exploration MMX: sample return mission to Phobos elucidating formation processes of habitable planets. Earth, Planets and Space, 2022, 74, ⟨10.1186/s40623-021-01545-7⟩. ⟨insu-03656889⟩
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