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Journal Articles General Relativity and Gravitation Year : 2011

A two-mass expanding exact space-time solution

George F. R. Ellis
  • Function : Author
Julien Larena


In order to understand how locally static configurations around gravitationally bound bodies can be embedded in an expanding universe, we investigate the solutions of general relativity describing a space-time whose spatial sections have the topology of a 3-sphere with two identical masses at the poles. We show that Israel junction conditions imply that two spherically symmetric static regions around the masses cannot be glued together. If one is interested in an exterior solution, this prevents the geometry around the masses to be of the Schwarzschild type and leads to the introduction of a cosmological constant. The study of the extension of the Kottler space-time shows that there exists a non-static solution consisting of two static regions surrounding the masses that match a Kantowski-Sachs expanding region on the cosmological horizon. The comparison with a Swiss-Cheese construction is also discussed.

Dates and versions

insu-03646089 , version 1 (19-04-2022)



Jean-Philippe Uzan, George F. R. Ellis, Julien Larena. A two-mass expanding exact space-time solution. General Relativity and Gravitation, 2011, 43, pp.191-205. ⟨10.1007/s10714-010-1081-6⟩. ⟨insu-03646089⟩
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