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Spectro-imaging observations of Jupiter’s 2 μm auroral emission. II: Thermospheric winds

Abstract : Infrared observations obtained in 1999-2000 with the Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS/BEAR) instrument at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) are used to infer the jovian wind velocity in the north pole auroral region. The measured Doppler shifts of the H 2 and H3+ lines near 2.1 μm are used to derive the ion and neutral wind velocities in Jupiter's high latitude thermosphere. We find that the H3+ "hot spot" region reported by Raynaud et al. (Raynaud, E., Lellouch, E., Maillard, J.-P., Gladstone, G.R., Waite Jr., J.H., Bezard, B., Drossart, P., Fouchet, T. [2004]. Icarus 171, 133-152) is characterized by a H3+ flow with a velocity reaching 3.1 ± 0.4 km/s, while only an upper limit for the average H 2 wind velocity of 1.0 km/s is derived. The uncertainties derived for the absolute velocities are primarily due to instrumental effects and don't affect the relative velocity between H3+ and H 2, for which a lower limit is found to be 1.7 km/s. The lower velocity inferred from the H 2 emission in regards to H3+ emission may result from differences in altitudes sounded by these lines.
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Jean-Yves Chaufray, T. K. Greathouse, G. R. Gladstone, J. Hunter Waite, Jr, J. -P. Maillard, et al.. Spectro-imaging observations of Jupiter’s 2 μm auroral emission. II: Thermospheric winds. Icarus, Elsevier, 2011, 211 (2), pp.1233-1241. ⟨10.1016/j.icarus.2010.11.021⟩. ⟨insu-03646065⟩



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