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Finding high-order analytic post-Newtonian parameters from a high-precision numerical self-force calculation

Abstract : We present a novel analytic extraction of high-order post-Newtonian (pN) parameters that govern quasicircular binary systems. Coefficients in the pN expansion of the energy of a binary system can be found from corresponding coefficients in an extreme-mass-ratio inspiral computation of the change ΔU in the redshift factor of a circular orbit at fixed angular velocity. Remarkably, by computing this essentially gauge-invariant quantity to accuracy greater than one part in 10225, and by assuming that a subset of pN coefficients are rational numbers or products of π and a rational, we obtain the exact analytic coefficients. We find the previously unexpected result that the post-Newtonian expansion of ΔU (and of the change ΔΩ in the angular velocity at fixed redshift factor) have conservative terms at half-integral pN order beginning with a 5.5 pN term. This implies the existence of a corresponding 5.5 pN term in the expansion of the energy of a binary system. Coefficients in the pN series that do not belong to the subset just described are obtained to accuracy better than 1 part in 10265-23n at nth pN order. We work in a radiation gauge, finding the radiative part of the metric perturbation from the gauge-invariant Weyl scalar ψ0 via a Hertz potential. We use mode-sum renormalization, and find high-order renormalization coefficients by matching a series in L=ℓ+1/2 to the large-L behavior of the expression for ΔU. The nonradiative parts of the perturbed metric associated with changes in mass and angular momentum are calculated in the Schwarzschild gauge.
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Abhay G. Shah, John L. Friedman, Bernard F. Whiting. Finding high-order analytic post-Newtonian parameters from a high-precision numerical self-force calculation. Physical Review D, 2014, 89, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.89.064042⟩. ⟨insu-03645679⟩



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