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Development of a hot intergalactic medium in spiral-rich galaxy groups: the example of HCG 16

Abstract : Galaxy groups provide the environment in which the majority of galaxies evolve, with low velocity dispersions and small galaxy separations that are conducive to tidal interactions and mergers between group members. X-ray observations reveal the frequent presence of hot gas in groups, with larger quantities linked to early-type galaxies, whereas cold gas is common in spiral-dominated groups. Clarification of the origin and role of the hot medium is central to the understanding of the evolution of the galaxy population and of all phases of the IGM.We here report on the nuclear activity, star formation and the high luminosity X-ray binary populations of the spiral-dominated, likely not yet virialized, group HCG 16, as well as on its intra-group medium, based principally on deep (150 ks) Chandra X-ray observations of the group, as well as new Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) 610 MHz radio data. We confirm the presence of obscured active nuclei in NGC 833 and NGC 835, and identify what may be a previously unrecognized nuclear source in NGC 838; all are variable. NGC 838 and NGC 839 are both starburst-dominated systems, with galactic superwinds that show X-ray and radio evidence of IGM interaction, but only weak nuclear activity; NGC 848 is also dominated by emission from its starburst.We confirm the existence of a faint, extended low-temperature (0.3 keV) intra-group medium, a subject of some uncertainty in earlier studies. The diffuse emission is strongest in a ridge linking the four principal galaxies, and is at least partly coincident with a large-scale HI tidal filament, indicating that the IGM in the inner part of the group is highly multi-phase. We conclude that starburst winds and shock-heating of stripped HI may play an important role in the early stages of IGM formation, with galactic winds contributing 20-40% of the observed hot gas in the system.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03645343
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 3:47:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:40:07 AM

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Jan M. Vrtilek, Ewan O'Sullivan, Laurence P. David, Simona Giacintucci, Andreas Zezas, et al.. Development of a hot intergalactic medium in spiral-rich galaxy groups: the example of HCG 16. American Astronomical Society, 0000, à renseigner, Unknown Region. 302, pp. 44-45. ⟨insu-03645343⟩

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