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Towards the generation of collisionless electron-positron shocks in the laboratory: Ultrafast thermalisation of laser-driven relativistic plasma jets

Abstract : Weibel-mediated collisionless shocks between high-velocity, counter-streaming (electron-ion or electron-positron) plasma flows have been extensively investigated over the past years to gain understanding of various extreme astrophysical scenarii. Here, we examine a concept of colliding pair plasmas that exploits the extreme electromagnetic fields envisioned on compressed LMJ-class laser projects. We present the first self-consistent numerical study, using QED-PIC simulations, of the creation (through the multi-photon Breit-Wheeler process) and subsequent interaction of two counter-streaming, relativistic pair flows driven from laser-irradiated thin Al foils. Fast-growing Weibel instabilities are found to induce ultra-fast thermalisation of the pair jets through the buildup of a MT magnetostatic barrier. The associated gamma-ray generation, its effect on electron-positron thermalisation, as well as the subsequent shock formation are analysed in detail.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03645308
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 3:45:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:40:07 AM

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Mickael Grech, Mathieu Lobet, Charles Ruyer, Emmanuel d'Humières, Martin Lemoine, et al.. Towards the generation of collisionless electron-positron shocks in the laboratory: Ultrafast thermalisation of laser-driven relativistic plasma jets. APS Division of Plasma Physics Meeting 2014, 0000, à renseigner, Unknown Region. ⟨insu-03645308⟩

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