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Helioseismology with Long-range Dark Matter-Baryon Interactions

Abstract : Assuming the existence of a primordial asymmetry in the dark sector, we study how long-range dark matter (DM)-baryon interactions, induced by the kinetic mixing of a new U(1) gauge boson and a photon, affect the evolution of the Sun and, in turn, the sound speed the profile obtained from helioseismology. Thanks to the explicit dependence on the exchanged momenta in the differential cross section (Rutherford-like scattering), we find that DM particles with a mass of ~10 GeV, kinetic mixing parameter of the order of 10-9, and a mediator with a mass smaller than a few MeV improve the agreement between the best solar model and the helioseismic data without being excluded by direct detection experiments. In particular, the LUX detector will soon be able to either constrain or confirm our best-fit solar model in the presence of a dark sector with long-range interactions that reconcile helioseismology with thermal neutrino results.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 3:30:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:40:05 AM

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Ilídio Lopes, Paolo Panci, Joseph Silk. Helioseismology with Long-range Dark Matter-Baryon Interactions. The Astrophysical Journal, 2014, 795, ⟨10.1088/0004-637X/795/2/162⟩. ⟨insu-03645255⟩

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