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Can we use weak lensing to measure total mass profiles of galaxies on 20 kpc scales?

Abstract : Current constraints on dark matter density profiles from weak lensing are typically limited to radial scales greater than 50-100 kpc. In this paper, we explore the possibility of probing the very inner regions of galaxy/halo density profiles by measuring stacked weak lensing on scales of only a few tens of kpc. Our forecasts focus on scales smaller than the `equality radius' (Req), where the stellar component and the dark matter component contribute equally to the lensing signal. We compute the evolution of Req as a function of lens stellar mass and redshift and show that Req = 7-34 kpc for galaxies with M* = 109.5-1011.5 M. Unbiased shear measurements will be challenging on these scales. We introduce a simple metric to quantify how many source galaxies overlap with their neighbours and for which shear measurements will be challenging. Rejecting source galaxies with close-by companions results in an ∼20 per cent decrease in the overall source density. Despite this decrease, we show that Euclid and Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope will be able to constrain galaxy/halo density profiles at Req with S/N >20 for M* > 1010 M. Weak lensing measurements at Req, in combination with stellar kinematics on smaller scales, will be a powerful means by which to constrain both the inner slope of the dark matter density profile as well as the mass and redshift dependence of the stellar initial mass function.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 7:37:37 AM
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Masato I. N. Kobayashi, Alexie Leauthaud, Surhud More, Nobuhiro Okabe, Clotilde Laigle, et al.. Can we use weak lensing to measure total mass profiles of galaxies on 20 kpc scales?. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2015, 449, pp.2128-2143. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stv424⟩. ⟨insu-03644949⟩



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