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Causal structures in inflation

Abstract : This article reviews the properties and limitations associated with the existence of particle, visual, and event horizons in cosmology in general and in inflationary universes in particular, carefully distinguishing them from 'Hubble horizons'. It explores to what extent one might be able to probe conditions beyond the visual horizon (which is close in size to the present Hubble radius), thereby showing that visual horizons place major limits on what are observationally testable aspects of a multiverse, if such exists. Indeed these limits largely prevent us from observationally proving a multiverse either does or does not exist. We emphasize that event horizons play no role at all in observational cosmology, even in the multiverse context, despite some claims to the contrary in the literature.

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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 1:55:33 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:40:04 AM

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George F. R. Ellis, Jean-Philippe Uzan. Causal structures in inflation. Comptes rendus - Physique, 2015, 16, pp.928-947. ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2015.07.005⟩. ⟨insu-03644680⟩

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