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Primordial non-Gaussianities after Planck 2015: An introductory review

Abstract : Deviations from Gaussian statistics of the cosmological density fluctuations, so-called primordial non-Gaussianities (NG), are one of the most informative fingerprints of the origin of structures in the universe. Indeed, they can probe physics at energy scales inaccessible to laboratory experiments, and are sensitive to the interactions of the field(s) that generated the primordial fluctuations, contrary to the Gaussian linear theory. As a result, they can discriminate between inflationary models that are otherwise almost indistinguishable. In this short review, we explain how to compute the non-Gaussian properties in any inflationary scenario. We review the theoretical predictions of several important classes of models. We then describe the ways NG can be probed observationally, and we highlight the recent constraints from the Planck mission, as well as their implications. We finally identify well motivated theoretical targets for future experiments and discuss observational prospects.

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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 1:55:32 PM
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Sébastien Renaux-Petel. Primordial non-Gaussianities after Planck 2015: An introductory review. Comptes rendus - Physique, 2015, 16, pp.969-985. ⟨10.1016/j.crhy.2015.08.003⟩. ⟨insu-03644679⟩

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