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Imaging the crust and uppermost mantle structure of Portugal (West Iberia) with seismic ambient noise

Abstract : We present a new high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) shear wave velocity (Vs) model of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath Portugal, inferred from ambient seismic noise tomography. We use broadband seismic data from a dense temporary deployment covering the entire Portuguese mainland between 2010 and 2012 in the scope of the WILAS project. Vertical component data are processed using phase correlation and phase weighted stack to obtain Empirical Green functions (EGF) for 3900 station pairs. Further, we use a random sampling and subset stacking strategy to measure robust Rayleigh wave group velocities in the period range 7-30 s and associated uncertainties. The tomographic inversion is performed in 2 steps: First, we determine group velocity lateral variations for each period. Next, we invert them at each grid point using a new trans-dimensional inversion scheme to obtain the 3D shear wave velocity model. The final 3D model extends from the upper crust (5 km) down to the uppermost mantle (60 km) and has a lateral resolution of ~50 km. In the upper and middle crust, the Vs anomaly pattern matches the tectonic units of the variscan massif and alpine basins. The transition between the Lusitanian Basin and the Ossa Morena Zone is marked by a contrast between moderate and high velocity anomalies, in addition to two arched earthquake lineations. Some faults, namely the Manteigas-Vilariça-Bragança fault and the Porto-Tomar-Ferreira do Alentejo fault, have a clear signature from the upper crust down to the uppermost mantle (60 km). Our 3D shear wave velocity model offers new insights into the continuation of the main tectonic units at depth and contributes to better understanding the seismicity of Portugal.
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Contributor : Nathalie POTHIER Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 2:01:55 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 8:53:36 AM

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Graça Silveira, Nuno Afonso Dias, Sergey Kiselev, Eleonore Stutzmann, Susana Custódio, et al.. Imaging the crust and uppermost mantle structure of Portugal (West Iberia) with seismic ambient noise. Geophysical Journal International, 2022, ⟨10.1093/gji/ggac106⟩. ⟨insu-03643034⟩



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