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Journal Articles Geophysical Research Letters Year : 2022

Massive Volcanism May Have Foreshortened the Marinoan Snowball Earth

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Zhongwu Lan
Magdalena Huyskens
Guillaume Le Hir
Ross Mitchell
Qing‐zhu Yin
Gangyang Zhang
Xian‐hua Li

Abstract

The Cryogenian Period (717-635 Ma) experienced two low-latitude "snowball Earth" glaciations, the Sturtian and the Marinoan of contrasting 57 and <16 Myr durations, respectively. A lack of reliable age controls on extensional tectonics and associated magmatic rocks during the Marinoan has hampered an understanding of the deglaciation. Furthermore, although deglaciation is generally assumed to have occurred once ongoing magmatism accumulated enough atmospheric CO2, as suggested by cap carbonates, specific geologic evidence linking volcanic events with deglaciation are lacking. Here, we present high-precision zircon geochronology with chemical abrasion-isotope-dilution isotope ratio mass spectrometry that indicates an extensive and thick sequence of rift-related magmatic rocks in South Qinling, Central China, erupted 2-6 Myr before the termination of the Marinoan. Climate modeling proposes a scenario explaining why the Marinoan was the shorter snowball and how volcanism may have driven the deglaciation.
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insu-03643033 , version 1 (19-08-2022)

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Zhongwu Lan, Magdalena Huyskens, Guillaume Le Hir, Ross Mitchell, Qing‐zhu Yin, et al.. Massive Volcanism May Have Foreshortened the Marinoan Snowball Earth. Geophysical Research Letters, 2022, 49, ⟨10.1029/2021GL097156⟩. ⟨insu-03643033⟩
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