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The anomalously-propagating South Kenya rift in the context of the North Tanzanian Divergence zone, East Africa

Abstract : The axial fault-bounded depression of the South Kenya rift (SKR) locally displays anomalously wide sectors resulting from the presence of one (or many) elevated and offset block(s) on the flanks of the main trough. Very little attention has been paid so far to the nature of the driving mechanisms responsible for these atypical rift patterns. New insights are supplied by the Natron-Ol Doinyo Ogol rift segment at the southern extremity of the SKR, immediately north of the North Tanzanian Divergence (NTD). On the basis of interpreted SRTM-30 satellite imagery and Digital Elevation Models, our work allows us: i) to depict the highly-segmented arrangement of the ~7 Ma-lasted SKR system, ii) to establish a two-stage kinematic rift model that emphasizes the role of an inherited transverse discontinuity on the arrest, as well as lateral jump and off-axis development of anomalously-propagating rift structures, iii) to define the relative contribution of border vs inner fault networks to the total extension, which is estimated at 7-6 km (11.6-9.2%), and iv) to emphasize that inner faulting was not the dominant mode of strain accommodation during recent inward focussing of strain, and that no sharp transition exists from border fault- to intra-rift fault-dominated strain accommodation over time in the SKR immature rift system.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-03642013
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 4:50:42 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 16, 2022 - 3:39:33 AM

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Bernard Le Gall, Remigius Gama, Alexander Koptev, Gilles Chazot, Nelson Boniface, et al.. The anomalously-propagating South Kenya rift in the context of the North Tanzanian Divergence zone, East Africa. Tectonophysics, 2021, 814, ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2021.228968⟩. ⟨insu-03642013⟩

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