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HT overprint of HP granulites in the Oisans-Pelvoux massif: Implications for the dynamics of the Variscan collision in the external western Alps

Jean-Baptiste Jacob 1 Emilie Janots 1 Stéphane Guillot 1 Daniela Rubatto Kévin Fréville 2 Jérémie Melleton 3 Michel Faure 4, 5 
5 Géodynamique - UMR7327
BRGM - Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans - UMR7327 : UMR7327, INSU - CNRS - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers, UO - Université d'Orléans : UMR7327
Abstract : The Oisans-Pelvoux massif belongs to the Paleozoic basement of the External western Alps and records high temperature (HT) metamorphism associated with intense migmatization during the syn to post-collisional stages of the Variscan orogeny. Metamorphic assemblages related to the early collision stages have been obliterated making it difficult to constrain the earlier evolution of the unit. In this study, we report the finding of new bodies of high pressure (HP) mafic granulites, which preserve relics of the prograde evolution. Relics of Mn-rich garnet cores containing inclusions of epidote, titanite, chlorite and rare white micas constrain an early prograde stage at 460-550 °C and 0.4-1.0 GPa. The HP assemblage consists in garnet + clinopyroxene+ quartz + rutile ± plagioclase ± amphibole ± biotite and yield peak-P conditions at 650-730 °C and 1.5-1.7 GPa. Decompression was associated with heating to HT granulite-facies conditions of 800-870 °C and 0.6-0.9 GPa, which led to the development of granoblastic polycrystalline mosaics over the resorbing HP assemblage. The U-Pb dating of magmatic zircon cores constrains the emplacement age of the mafic protoliths at 479 ± 5 Ma. Timing of the prograde to HP evolution is estimated around 345-330 Ma based on rutile U-Pb dating, which is contemporaneous with HP recorded in the other crystalline massifs of the western Alps. Zircon metamorphic rims yields U-Pb dates scattering between 337 and 294 Ma, which are interpreted to record crystallization during decompression and heating to granulite facies. Metamorphic conditions during the early prograde stage precludes scenarios involving subduction of a cold passive margin and are better reconciled with thickening of an orogenic wedge during collision. In contrast with other Variscan HP relics of the external Alps, the HP rocks of the Oisans-Pelvoux massif record heating to HT granulitic conditions during decompression, which may result from longer residence time in the lower crust before exhumation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 9:35:06 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 10:13:57 AM

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Jean-Baptiste Jacob, Emilie Janots, Stéphane Guillot, Daniela Rubatto, Kévin Fréville, et al.. HT overprint of HP granulites in the Oisans-Pelvoux massif: Implications for the dynamics of the Variscan collision in the external western Alps. Lithos, Elsevier, 2022, 416-417, pp.106650. ⟨10.1016/j.lithos.2022.106650⟩. ⟨insu-03641029⟩

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